Three dimensional Assessments
The second step of backwards designing units is to develop an assessment. This give the unit its "target," and ensures that it stays aligned to the standards. Because of the three-dimensional nature of the standards, most of the unit assessments are three dimensional Performance Assessment Tasks, and some are Item Clusters. You can investigate your unit's assessments in the Evidence of Learning Section (orange charts).Three-Dimensional Science Performance Assessments process which was co-developed with MDE's M-STEP and Item Cluster development process.
How do we translate Checkbrics to points? How do we assign grades for report cards? This could be a challenge for teachers, and we’ve found that sometimes teachers who are first trying out PS really struggle with this. Here is a resource from ASCD that gives some more background on using Performance Assessments which might help.
Several units incorporate pre-assessments. Formative Assessment Probes such as these and Science Formative Assessment are good resources for pre-assessment, but there are many other ways as well. Also, this section from Tools and Traits for Highly Effective Science Teaching called “Before and During the Science Lesson: Using Science Probes to Get at Student Thinking” (p. 41-44) can be a good resource.
In the Phenomenal Science Units we've embedded assessment in several places, since the learning, teaching, feedback cycle is continuous. There are also several different types of assessment. The summative assessments for the unit are typically performance assessment tasks like those linked above and can be found in the Evidence of Learning section as well as at the end of the instructional cycles. Other assessment opportunities are highlighted in the Learning Plan Overview as well as in each lesson.